英国reference格式:除了Harvard,还有Oxford格式!最详细的Oxford格式使用指南

英国大学论文中最常见的引用格式,除了Harvard引用格式之外,还有Oxford格式。Oxford引用格式采取note citation系统,也被成为documentary-note引用系统。今天我们为大家详细介绍Oxford格式的使用方法,并未大家推荐专业Proofreading,帮你纠正引用格式错误,迅速提高论文分数。

Oxford引用格式基本使用规则

英国reference格式 oxford格式

Oxford引用格式通常包含以下两个部分In-text citation和Reference List。

In-text Citation
1. 文章中需要引用部分的上标数字,整个文章的上标数字按照出现的顺序排列,而不是根据某个章节。
2. 文章底部与上标数字对应的note,即footnote。所有的note都是按照上标数字的顺序排列。footnote包含作者的姓氏或者名字首字母缩写和姓氏,文章名称,出版地,出版商,出版日期以及页数。如果我们在后文需要引用同一篇文章,我们只需要标注作者姓氏,简单的文章名称还有页数。
3. Ibid指的是之前出现的参考文献的再次使用。
4. 直接引用需要加单引号‘’。

Reference list
1. 参考文献按作者姓氏按字母顺序列出。如果文章引用了同一作者的多部作品,则应按出版日期排列。没有作者的引用在引用列表中按标题的第一个有效单词的字母顺序排列。
2. 在参考文献列表中,我们只需要用作者姓氏的首字母大写,作者名字在前。

下面是两个非常典型的Oxford引用格式展示:

In-text citationReference list
1

1 C Neville, The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism, 2nd edn, Open University Press, New York, 2010, p. 25

Neville, C, The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism, 2nd edn, Open University Press, New York, 2010.

Oxford引用格式范例

下面我们按照不同引用类型给出Oxford引用的具体例子,希望对大家有所帮助:

书籍
Footnote
A. Author, B. Author & C. Author, Title of book, edition number, volume number, tr./ed. A. Translator/Editor, Publisher, Place, year, page.

21. F.S. Kleiner, C.J. Mamiya & R.G. Tansey, Gardner’s art through the ages, 11th edn, Harcourt College Publishers, Fort Worth, 2001, p. 26.

Reference list
Author, A., Author, B. & Author, C., Title of book, edition number, volume number, tr./ed. A. Translator/Editor, Publisher, Place, year.

Kleiner, F.S., Mamiya C.J. & Tansey, R.G., Gardner’s art through the ages, 11th edn, Harcourt College Publishers, Fort Worth, 2001.

期刊文章
Footnote
A. Author, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal, volume, issue, year, page.

13. R.A. Goldthwaite, ‘The Florentine palace as domestic architecture’, American Historical Review, vol. 77, no. 4, 1972, p. 999.

Reference list
A. Author, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal, volume, issue, year, page range.

Goldthwaite, R.A., ‘The Florentine palace as domestic architecture’, American Historical Review, vol. 77, no. 4, 1972, pp. 977-1012.

网页
Footnote

A. Author, ‘Title of web section/article/document’, Title of website [medium], day month year, page/paragraph/section name, , accessed day month year.

8. Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘Annexure A: Special measures and application of discrimination law to NTER legislation’, Australian Human Rights Commission [website], 2013, Social security and other legislation amendment, <https://www.humanrights.gov.au>, accessed 9 June 2014.

Reference list
Author, A, ‘Title of web section/article/document’,Title of Website [medium], day month year, ,accessed day month year.

Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘Annexure A: Special measures and application of discrimination law to NTER legislation’, Australian Human Rights Commission [website], 2013, <https://www.humanrights.gov.au>, accessed 9 June 2014.

在线影音制品
footnote和Reference list的引用格式相同

‘Title of podcast episode’, Title of Series [podcast], Publisher, day month year, , accessed day month year.

‘The hipster philosopher’, The philosophers’ zone [podcast], interview with Mark Kingwell, ABC Radio National, 5 Jan. 2014, <www.abc.net.au/radionational>, accessed 9 June 2014.

总的来说,Oxford引用格式相对于其他格式相对繁琐,但是也更加精确。这就要求我们在完成文章之后一定要多次检查,确保引用格式的正确。SimpleTense 论文Essay润色服务:英语母语Essay修改专家从用词到文法、从思考逻辑到文章架构,整体修改你的文章,完成文稿优美流畅,用词地道,结构逻辑清晰准确,100%无语法及拼写错误。同时,深度检查引用格式,保证文章的原创性!

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